Wish for Wash

Product Design, Report, Research

A Critical Analysis: Bathroom and Toilet Engineering and Design Norms for Products that are Both On and Off-Grid

Wish for WASH Thinks’ 2020-2021 toilet design and engineering researchers conducted this critical analysis to explore the existing range of toilet and bathroom designs as a part of an off-grid sanitation product design exploration and market research study. There have been few developments in the toilet industry since the standard flushing toilet that connects to a sewer or septic tank was invented in the 16th century, but that toilet is not ideal for the 2.5 billion people who do not have access to running water.