A Critical Analysis: Bathroom and Toilet Engineering and Design Norms for Products that are Both On and Off-Grid

Wish for WASH Thinks seeks to expand the off-grid sanitation market.

Sections 2 through 4 of this report provide an overview of design considerations, such as external design, sanitation concerns, disability accommodations, and composting options.

Section 5 is an abbreviated market research landscape analysis that compares cost estimates and features for some of the toilets and toilet features currently available in the US market.

Overall, the purpose of this critical analysis is to catalyze innovation by further describing the existing bathroom and toilet engineering norms and products while also identifying gaps in the current toilet market landscape.

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